YearMonthDayEvent and video link
-753April21Traditional date of the founding of Rome
-585May28Eclipse of Thales ends the Battle of Halys between the Medes and the Lydians
-44March15Assassination of Julius Caesar
-27January16Octavian becomes Augustus, Roman Emperor
41January24Emperor Caligula killed by the Praetorian Guard
54October13Emperor Claudius dies in mysterious circumstances
68June9Emperor Nero commits suicide
70April14Titus begins the Siege of Jerusalem
79August24Mount Vesuvius destroys Pompeii and Herculaneum
202October19Roman Republic defeats Carthage at the Battle of Zama
404April25Sparta defeats Athens in the Peloponnesian War
537December27Hagia Sophia basilica inaugurated in modern Istanbul
622July16Start date of the Islamic calendar
762July30Construction begins on the city of Baghdad under Caliph Al-Mansur
793June8Viking raiders attack Lindisfarne in Northumbria
868May11The world's earliest dated printed book created in China
927July12Earliest foundation of England under Aethelstan
1002November13St Brice's Day Massacre
1066January5Death of Edward the Confessor
1066January6Harold Godwinson crowned king of England
1066September20Harald Hardrada wins Battle of Fulford
1066October14William of Normandy wins Battle of Hastings
1066December25William the Conquerer crowned king of England
1095November27Pope Urban II launches the First Crusade
1141April7Matilda declared the 'Lady of England and Normandy'
1170December29Thomas Becket murdered in Canterbury Cathedral
1187October2Saladin captures Jerusalem
1190March16The Jewish population of York massacred in a pogrom
1199May27Coronation of King John in Westminster Abbey
1215June15King John agrees to Magna Carta by adding his seal
1260May5Kublai Khan declared Mongol Emperor
1287December14St Lucia's Flood kills over 50,000 people in the Netherlands
1291May18Siege of Acre signals ends of Crusader influence
1314March18Execution of last Knights Templar Grand Master
1314June23Scottish victory at the Battle of Bannockburn
1338September23First naval battle with artillery takes place in the Hundred Years' War
1346August26The longbow helps Edward III win the Battle of Crecy
1349January9Jews massacred in Basel during the Black Death
1355February10St Scholastica's Day Riot began in Oxford between 'town and gown'
1374June24Dancing Plague breaks out in Aachen, Germany
1381May30Outbreak of the Peasants' Revolt in England
1410October9The Prague Astronomical Clock first noted in a medieval document
1415October25The Battle of Agincourt is fought
1429February12Battle of the Herrings fought during the Hundred Years War
1431May30Joan of Arc executed by burning at the stake
1452July17The Battle of Castillon, widely accepted as last conflict of the Hundred Years' War
1453May29The Fall of Constantinople
1455February23Gutenberg Bible published (traditional date)
1455May22Wars of the Roses begin at the Battle of St Albans
1472February20Orkney and Shetland Isles given to Scotland by Norway as a wedding dowry
1478April26The Pazzi family launch their failed plot against the Medici family
1485August22Richard III killed at the Battle of Bosworth
1492April17The Capitulations of Santa Fe grant Columbus funds for his voyage to the New World
1492August3Christopher Columbus sets sail from Spain
1495June1First written reference to Scotch whisky
1497September7Perkin Warbeck claims he is English King Richard IV
1498April7Savonarola meets to take part in a trial by fire
1501September13Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David
1506April18Construction begins on St Peter's Basilica
1509April27Pope Julius II excommunicates the entire Republic of Venice
1513September25European 'discovery' of the Pacific Ocean
1516April23The Reinheitsgebot beer purity law first introduced in Bavaria
1517October31Martin Luther reputedly posts his 95 Theses
1520June7Henry VIII and Francis I meet at the Field of Cloth of Gold
1520November8Stockholm Bloodbath begins under Denmark's Christian II
1520November28Magellan sails from the Atlantic to the Pacific
1521October11Henry VIII becomes 'Defender of the Faith'
1525February28Execution of Cuauhtemoc, the last Aztec Emperor
1536May19Execution of Anne Boleyn in the Tower of London
1540March23Waltham Abbey last to be dissolved by Henry VIII
1553July10Lady Jane Grey becomes queen of England
1555February4John Rogers became the first martyr under 'Bloody' Mary I
1556January23Most destructive earthquake on record hits Shaanxi
1556March21Thomas Cranmer executed for heresy
1558November17Queen Elizabeth I's reign begins
1561April14The Nuremberg Celestial Phenomenon
1561July12The consecration of Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow
1567July29James VI crowned King of Scotland aged 13 months
1569January11First recorded lottery drawn in England under Elizabeth I
1582October4Gregorian calendar introduced by Pope Gregory XIII
1587February8Mary, Queen of Scots beheaded
1587April29Singeing the King of Spain's Beard
1588July29Decisive Battle of Gravelines during the Spanish Armada
1590September27Pope Urban VII, the shortest reigning Pope in history, dies
1602March20The Dutch East India Company established
1604September1The Adi Granth first installed at the Golden Temple
1605November5Guy Fawkes discovered during Gunpowder Plot
1612August18Trial of the Pendle Witches begins
1613June29The Globe Theatre in London burns to the ground
1618May23The Second Defenestration of Prague
1618October29Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded for treason against James I in the Main Plot
1621March22Hugo Grotius escapes prison by hiding in a book chest
1621April5The Mayflower returns to England
1628June7Petition of Right ratified by King Charles I
1631June17Mumtaz Mahal's death prompts construction of the Taj Mahal
1633June22Galileo forced to recant his belief in heliocentrism
1642January4Charles I attempts to arrest the Five Members
1645June14The Battle of Naseby fought in the English Civil War
1649January30Charles I beheaded at Banqueting House
1660December8First woman appears on a professional stage in England as Desdemona in Othello
1666September2Great Fire of London breaks out in Pudding Lane
1669May31the last entry in Samuel Pepys' diary
1671May9Colonel Thomas Blood attempts to steal the Crown Jewels
1678June25Elena Cornaro Piscopia becomes the first woman to receive a PhD
1689February13William and Mary become co-regents
1692March1The first of the Salem 'witches' go on trial facing magistrates
1693August4Dom P?rignon supposedly invents champagne
1698September5Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards
1703May27The foundation of St Petersburg by Tsar Peter the Great
1703July31Daniel Defoe put in the pillory for seditious libel
1706July22Terms of the Acts of Union 1707 agreed
1718November22The pirate Blackbeard killed by sailors under Robert Maynard
1721March24Bach dedicates the Brandenburg Concertos
1739October23The War of Jenkins' Ear begins
1755April15Dr Samuel Johnson's Dictionary published
1756June20British prisoners locked in the 'Black Hole of Calcutta'
1764October15Edward Gibbon first considers writing Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
1766March17First Saint Patrick's Day parade
1767April9John Hancock forcibly removes British customs officials from Lydia
1768December10First edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica published
1770April19Captain Cook Sights Australia
1772January1First travellers cheques put on sale
1773December16The Boston Tea Party throws a shipment of tea overboard
1775April18Paul Revere's Ride signals start of American Revolutionary War
1776May1The forerunner of the Bavarian Illuminati founded
1777June14Stars and Stripes adopted as the flag of the USA
1778February6France and the US sign the first treaties that recognise American independence
1781November29Over 132 slaves thrown from the Zong ship
1783September3Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War
1785January7First aerial crossing of the English Channel
1786November30Tuscany is the first modern state to abolish the death penalty
1787May13The First Fleet departs for Australia
1789March4US Constitution goes into effect as first Congress meets
1789April28The crew of HMS Bounty launch a mutiny against Captain William Bligh
1789June20National Assembly swears the Tennis Court Oath
1789July14Storming of the Bastille
1789September11Alexander Hamilton appointed US Secretary of the Treasury
1791March2Claude Chappe sends the first message by semaphore machine
1791June21Louis XVI's attempted escape from Paris in the Flight to Varennes
1792April25First execution carried out using the guillotine
1792July30La Marseillaise first sung in Paris
1792August10Tuileries Palace stormed and French monarchy suspended
1792October13The cornerstone of the White House laid in Washington D.C.
1793January21Louis XVI executed for high treason
1793July13Jean-Paul Marat attacked in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday
1793September5The Reign of Terror begins in France
1793October16The Execution of Marie Antoinette
1794May7Robespierre establishes Cult of the Supreme Being
1795November2The Directory established in France
1796May14Edward Jenner vaccinates against smallpox
1797February22The last invasion of Britain and the Battle of Fishguard
1799January9Income tax introduced for the first time
1799July19Discovery of the Rosetta Stone reported in Egypt
1799December10France adopts the metric system as the official system of weights and measures
1803April30United States doubles in size after Louisiana Purchase from France
1804December2Napoleon crowns himelf Emperor of the French
1805October21Admiral Nelson wins the Battle of Trafalgar
1807July20The world's first internal combustion engine is patented in France
1810October12First Oktoberfest held in Munich
1812June24Napoleon begins his failed invasion of Russia
1814September14USA's national anthem lyrics written
1814October17The London Beer Flood kills 8 people
1815February26Napoleon escapes from exile on Elba
1815June9The 'Final Act' of the Congress of Vienna signed
1815June18Napoleon Bonaparte defeated at the Battle of Waterloo
1815July15Napoleon Bonaparte voluntarily surrenders to the British
1819August16Protesters killed in the Peterloo Massacre in Manchester
1822June6William Beaumont first treats Alexis St Martin
1823December23The Night Before Christmas first published
1826December24The Eggnog Riot broke out at West Point Military Academy, New York
1829September29The Metropolitan Police begins operating in London
1829October8Stephenson's Rocket wins the Rainhill Trials
1830March26The Book of Mormon first went on sale at E. B. Grandin's book store
1830May3First timetabled passenger railway begins service
1830May18The world's first lawnmower licensed for manufacture by Edwin Budding
1830September15MP William Huskisson dies at the opening of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway
1834March18Tolpuddle Martyrs sentenced to transportation to Australia
1834July15The Spanish Inquisition disbanded
1834August1Slavery Abolition Act comes in to force
1837June11Broad Street Riot breaks out in Boston, MA
1839April19The Treaty of London establishes an independent Belgium
1839November4The Newport Rising armed rebellion in south Wales
1841March9US Supreme court rules on the Amistad slave case
1842January13The sole survivor of 4,500 British soldiers arrives at Jalalabad in Afghanistan
1843December19A Christmas Carol first published
1846May12The Donner Party begin their ill-fated journey to California
1846June16Pope Pius IX begins the longest ever reign of a Catholic Pope
1848February21The Communist Manifesto first published
1848February24King Louis Philippe of France abdicates
1849May22Abraham Lincoln issued a patent for his invention
1852February2First modern public toilets open in London
1856January29Victoria Cross introduced by Queen Victoria
1856March30The Crimean War officially ends with the Treaty of Paris
1857March6The US Supreme Court's ruling in the Dred Scott case
1857May10The start of the Indian Mutiny (First War of Indian Independence)
1858April10The 'Big Ben' bell cast in Whitechapel
1858July28First use of fingerprints as a means of identification
1859June15The Pig War begins between the USA and Britain
1859September17Joshua Abraham Norton declares himself Norton I, Emperor of the United States
1859November24Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
1860October26Garibaldi hands southern Italy to Victor Emmanuel
1860November6Abraham Lincoln elected 16 President of the USA
1862July4Charles Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll, first tells the story of Alice in Wonderland
1863November19Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address
1865April9Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant
1865August12Joseph Lister carries out world's first antiseptic surgery
1868February24US President Andrew Johnson impeached
1868November2New Zealand becomes the first country to use standardised time
1869March6Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table
1870January3Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge began
1870July19The Franco-Prussian War begins
1871January18Wilhelm I declared German Emperor
1871March28Paris Commune meets for the first time
1871November10Henry Morton Stanley locates Dr David Livingstone
1872December4Deserted American merchant ship Mary Celeste found drifting in the Atlantic Ocean
1873May20Levi Strauss & Co. patents riveted blue jeans
1873November24Joseph Glidden awarded a patent for modern barbed wire
1876March10Alexander Graham Bell transmits speech using the telephone
1876June25Battle of Little Bighorn & Custer's Last Stand
1877July9First Wimbledon Championship begins in London
1877November21Thomas Edison announces the phonograph
1879September19The Blackpool Illuminations turned on for the first time
1879October7Germany and Austria-Hungary form the Dual Alliance
1880June28Australian outlaw Ned Kelly arrested following a violent shoot out
1881March12Andrew Watson becomes the world's first black international football player
1881March13Tsar Alexander II assassinated Saint Petersburg
1881July2President James A Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau
1881July14American outlaw Billy the Kid shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett
1882April3Outlaw Jesse James shot by Robert Ford
1882May20Establishment of the Triple Alliance
1883June5First Orient Express train departs Paris
1884April22Thomas Stevens begins the first round-the-world cycle ride
1885February18Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn published in the United States.
1885June17Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbour from France
1887May9Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show Opens in London
1887June18Germany and Russia sign the secret Reinsurance Treaty
1888September8First ever Football League matches played in England
1890January25Nellie Bly circumnavigates the world in 72 days
1890March4Forth Bridge in Scotland opened by the future King Edward VII
1890March20Wilhelm II formally accepts Bismarck's resignation
1892December18Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker first performed
1893November28New Zealand women vote for the first time
1894June23Establishment of the International Olympic Committee
1894December22Alfred Dreyfus found guilty of treason in France
1895January12Foundation of the National Trust
1895March22The Lumiere brothers stage their first film screening in Paris
1895October22Granville-Paris express train crashes through a wall in Paris
1895December28Wilhelm Rontgen publishes his discovery of X-rays
1896April6The first modern Olympic Games take place
1897May26Bram Stoker's gothic novel Dracula is published
1898December18The world's first officially recognised land speed record is set
1900January23British troops attack Spion Kop in the Second Boer War
1901December10First Nobel Prizes awarded
1902April20Marie and Pierre Curie prove the existence of radium by isolating radium chloride
1902May17Identification of Ancient Greek Antikythera Mechanism
1903July1First Tour de France cycling race takes place
1903October10Foundation of Women's Social & Political Union
1903December17Wright brothers make first aircraft flight
1904February8Russo-Japanese War triggered by Japanese torpedo attack on Port Arthur
1904April8France and Britain sign the Entente Cordiale
1904April8Times Square in New York given its name
1905January22Bloody Sunday massacre in Saint Petersburg
1905March31Kaiser Wilhelm II provokes the First Moroccan Crisis
1905June27Russian sailors mutiny on the battleship Potemkin
1906February10The launch of HMS Dreadnought
1906April27The Russian Empire's State Duma meets for the first time
1908September27First Model T Ford produced in Detroit
1909July25Louis Bl?riot makes the first powered cross-Channel flight
1910March8First woman awarded a pilot's license
1910December3First neon light used at the Paris Motor Show
1911July1Start of the Second Moroccan Crisis
1911July7North Pacific Fur Seal Convention signed for wildlife conservation
1911July24Machu Picchu 'rediscovered' by US explorer Hiram Bingham III
1911August21The Mona Lisa stolen from the Louvre
1911October23Italian Carlo Piazza pilots the first aircraft in war
1911November1First ever aerial bombing takes place in the Italo-Turkish War
1911December14Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole
1912May5Russian Communist newspaper Pravda first published
1913June4Suffragette Emily Davison hit by a racehorse at Epsom Derby
1913December21First modern crossword puzzle printed
1914June28Trigger and end of the First World War
1914July23Austria-Hungary presents its ultimatum to Serbia
1914December16German Navy attack Scarborough
1915January19Zeppelins bomb Great Yarmouth and Kings Lynn
1915April22Chlorine gas attack marks start of 2 Battle of Ypres
1915May3John McCrae writes the war poem In Flanders Fields
1915May7RMS Lusitania sunk by the German U-Boat, U-20
1915May23Italy enters WW1 on the side of the Triple Entente
1915September21Cecil Chubb buys Stonehenge at auction, becoming its last private owner
1916April24Ernest Shackleton begins rescue attempt in the James Caird
1916April24The Easter Rising begins in Dublin
1916May16The Sykes-Picot Agreement ratified by Britain and France
1916June10Battle of Mecca starts the full Arab Revolt
1916November18Battle of the Somme ends
1917January1973 people killed in the Silvertown munitions factory explosion in London
1917April6The USA declares war on Germany in WW1
1917April12The Canadian Corps successfully capture Vimy Ridge
1917April16Lenin arrives back in Russia in the sealed train after a decade in exile
1917November7The Bolshevik Revolution erupts in Russia
1917November15Clemenceau appointed Prime Minister of France during the First World War
1917December20Cheka established by the Bolsheviks
1918January8Woodrow Wilson announces the Fourteen Points
1918February6Women secure the right to vote in the Representation of the People Act
1918March3Russia and Central Powers sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
1918March11First confirmed case of 'Spanish Flu'
1918April21Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shot down and killed
1918July17Romanov family shot dead by the Bosheviks
1918August30Lenin shot in a failed assassination attempt
1918October3Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria comes to the throne
1918November11The Armistice of Compiegne is signed, ending WW1
1919January15Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg killed by Freikorps
1919January15Great Molasses Flood kills 21 people in Boston
1919April13British troops commit the Amritsar Massacre
1919May19The Turkish War of Independence begins
1919June21The German fleet is scuttled at Scapa Flow
1919August11Weimar Republic established after constitution signed
1919September12Hitler joins the German Workers Party
1920January10League of Nations officially founded
1920June4Treaty of Trianon signed with Hungary after the First World War
1922April16The Treaty of Rapallo signed by Russia and Germany
1922July11The Hollywood Bowl opens in Los Angeles
1922October18British Broadcasting Company established
1922October31The cabinet of Benito Mussolini formally comes to power
1922November26Tutankhamun's tomb entered by Howard Carter
1922December30Foundation of the USSR
1923January11French and Belgian troops occupy the Ruhr
1923February16Howard Carter unseals Tutankhamun's burial chamber
1923April28The opening of Wembley Stadium and the White Horse Final
1923September26Weimar Germany ends the strikes in the Ruhr
1923October15Rentenmark introduced in Weimar Germany
1923November8The Beer Hall Putsch begins in Munich
1924February5The BBC 'pips' first broadcast
1924February12First performance of George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue
1924April1Hitler found guilty of treason for the Beer Hall Putsch
1924June10Matteotti kidnapped and murdered by Italian Fascists
1924December20Adolf Hitler released from Landsberg Prison
1925February2Great Race of Mercy diptheria antitoxin dogsled relay
1925April4Adolf Hitler orders the establishment of the SS
1925July18Hitler publishes first volume of Mein Kampf
1925July21The 'Monkey Trial' finds John T. Scopes guilty of teaching evolution
1927May21First solo transatlantic flights
1927July24Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing is unveiled
1927November12Leon Trotsky expelled from the Communist Party
1928May15Mickey Mouse's first cartoon appearance
1928July7Sliced bread goes on sale for the first time
1928August27The Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed
1928September28Penicillin discovered by Alexander Fleming
1928October1USSR introduces first five-year plan
1929February14Saint Valentine's Day Massacre
1929October24Wall Street Crash begins on Black Thursday
1930February18Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly
1930March12Gandhi begins the Salt March to Dandi
1931September18Manchurian Crisis begins after Japanese bomb
1932May4Al Capone imprisoned for income tax evasion
1932July8Dow Jones falls to its lowest point in the Great Depression
1933February27Arson attack causes the Reichstag Fire
1933October17Albert Einstein moves to the USA after Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
1933December1521 Amendment ends prohibition in the USA
1934June30Nazi party purged on Night of the Long Knives
1934August2Hitler becomes F?hrer following Hindenburg's death
1934December5Wal-Wal Incident between Italy and Abyssinia
1935January13Saar votes to reunite with Germany
1935February26Hitler formally establishes the Luftwaffe
1935September15'Nuremberg Laws' introduced in Germany
1935October19League of Nations imposes sanctions on Italy
1935October20Mao's Red Army finishes the Long March
1935December12Nazis introduce Lebensborn programme
1935December31Monopoly board game patented
1936March7Remilitarisation of the Rhineland by the German Army
1936July26Germany and Italy agree to support Franco
1936October5The Jarrow March departs for London
1936November25Anti-Comintern Pact signed by Germany and Japan
1936December11Abdication of King Edward VIII
1937February16Wallace Carothers receives a patent for nylon
1937April26The Bombing of Guernica
1937May6The Hindenburg airship disaster in New Jersey
1937June30World's first emergency telephone number began operation
1937September21The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkein is first published
1937December13The Nanking Massacre begins
1938July3Mallard sets the world speed record for steam locomotive
1938September29Munich Agreement annexes Sudetenland
1938October30War of the Worlds by Orson Welles is broadcast
1939March30Batman's debut in Detective Comics #27
1939April1Francisco Franco announces the end of the Spanish Civil War
1939August23Nazi-Soviet Pact signed by Molotov and Ribbentrop
1939September1Nazi Germany invades Poland
1939September3Second War War begins
1940February29First African-American to win an Oscar
1940May15The world's first McDonald's restaurant opened in California
1940May26Start of the Dunkirk evacuation
1940July3British navy attacks the French fleet at Mers-el-Kebir
1940July10The Vichy government established in France
1940July27Bugs Bunny makes his cartoon debut in A Wild Hare
1940September7The Nazi German Luftwaffe launches The Blitz
1940October25Benjamin O. Davis Sr. becomes first African-American general in the US military
1941May10Rudolf Hess secretly flies to Scotland to seek peace
1941August15The last execution takes place at the Tower of London
1941December7Attack on Pearl Harbour
1942January1Declaration by the United Nations agreed
1942January20Nazi leaders meet at the Wannsee Conference
1942January29Desert Island Discs first broadcast by the BBC
1942March28Operation Chariot and the St. Nazaire raid by British forces in WW2
1942May8The Battle of the Coral Sea ends
1942June12Anne Frank receives a diary for her 13 birthday
1942July27Allies halt the Axis advance in the First Battle of El Alamein
1943January14Churchill and Roosevelt meet in Casablanca
1943February22Trial and execution of White Rose members
1943May17RAF No. 617 Squadron carries out the 'Dambusters' raid
1943May24Josef Mengele, the Nazi Angel of Death, transferred to Auschwitz
1943July23Archibald Brown blown up in the Rayleigh bath chair murder by an anti-tank grenade placed under his seat
1944January17Allies launch the Battle of Monte Cassino during the Second World War
1944June6D-Day landings mark the start of Operation Overlord
1944June13First V-1 'Doodlebug' flying bomb attack on London
1944August4First Allied jet fighter destroys a Nazi V-1 flying bomb
1944August25The Allies liberate Paris from Nazi control
1945January27Auschwitz-Birkenau liberated by Soviet forces
1945February4Yalta Conference begins
1945March26Battle of Iwo Jima officially ends
1945April12Harry Truman Becomes President of the USA
1945May2The Battle of Berlin ends with the German surrender to the USSR
1945May8Victory in Europe Day
1945July16USA tests the first ever nuclear bomb
1945August6The USA drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima
1945November16Foundation of UNESCO
1945November20First Nuremberg Trial begins
1946March5Winston Churchill makes his 'Iron Curtain' speech in Fulton
1946June2Italians vote to turn their country into a republic
1946July5The bikini swimsuit introduced for the first time
1946September24The policy of 'Containment' first suggested in a US report
1947January25Patent for the first interactive electronic game filed
1947July6The Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle goes into production
1947July8Roswell Army Air Base reports 'flying disc' debris
1947September9Moth 'bug' discovered inside a Harvard computer
1948June22MV Empire Windrush arrives at Tilbury Docks in London
1948July5National Health Service launched in the UK
1949May12Stalin lifts the Berlin Blockade
1949June19The first NASCAR 'Strictly Stock' race takes place at Charlotte Speedway
1949August29USSR conducts its first atomic bomb test
1949October1Mao Zedong declares the establishment of the People's Republic of China
1949October7East Germany founded in the Soviet zone
1950March8VW Transporter (aka 'camper' / 'bus') begins production
1950March14FBI launches its 'Ten Most Wanted' list
1950April11Stone of Scone rediscovered 4 months after its disappearance
1950May13First Formula One World Championship Grand Prix race at Silverstone
1950June27President Truman sends US navy and air force to Korea
1950July4Radio Free Europe broadcasts for the first time
1952May1Mr Potato Head goes on sale for the first time
1952May2First ever passenger jet plane takes off from London
1953May29Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay conquer Mount Everest
1954December2US Senator Joseph McCarthy censured by the Senate
1955May14The establishment of the Warsaw Pact
1955December1Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat
1955December24NORAD tracks Santa for the first time
1956February25Khruschev criticises Stalin in his 'secret speech'
1956May24First Eurovision Song Contest takes place in Switzerland
1956June3Rock and Roll music banned in Santa Cruz
1956September9When Elvis first appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show
1956September25Inauguration TAT-1, the first transatlantic telephone cable
1956October29Israel invades Egypt in the Suez Crisis
1956December4Million Dollar Quartet record at Sun Studios
1956December6USSR and Hungary 'Blood in the Water' Olympic match
1957March25Treaty of Rome establishes the EEC
1957July6Lennon and McCartney meet for the first time
1957September4Black students denied entry to Little Rock High School
1957November3Laika the dog becomes the first animal in orbit
1958February6Munich air disaster kills Manchester Utd players
1958March14Perry Como awarded the first gold record by the RIAA
1958June16Execution of Hungarian Communist leader Imre Nagy
1959February3Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens & The Big Bopper plane crash (Day The Music Died)
1959February20Jimi Hendrix plays his first gig
1960October27Ben E. King records Stand By Me
1960November14Ruby Bridges, the first African-American to desegregate an elementary school
1961January3USA cuts diplomatic relations with Cuba
1961April11The trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Israel
1961April17The Bay of Pigs invasion launched by Brigade 2506
1961May25Kennedy announces plan for manned moon landing
1961August13Construction begins on the Berlin Wall
1962March19Bob Dylan releases his eponymous debut album
1962June2Chile and Italy meet in football's violent 'Battle of Santiago'
1962July11World's first satellite TV broadcast using Telstar
1962August5Nelson Mandela arrested and jailed
1962October28End of the Cuban Missile Crisis
1963March27Dr Beeching publishes his first British Rail report
1963April30The Bristol Bus Boycott against discriminatory recruitment begins
1963June11Vietnamese Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức burns himself to death
1963June26JFK declares 'Ich bin ein Berliner'
1963August8The Great Train Robbery takes place
1963August28Martin Luther King Jr. declares 'I Have a Dream'
1963November22Assassination of John F. Kennedy
1963November23First episode of Doctor Who broadcast
1963December12Kenya gains independence from the United Kingdom
1964February7The Beatles' first visit to the USA
1964July2Civil Rights Act signed into law by Lyndon B Johnson
1964August7Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed by US Congress
1965March2USA launches Operation Rolling Thunder in Vietnam
1965April20Skylight windows of the Houston Astrodome painted
1965July25Bob Dylan goes electric at the Newport Folk Festival
1965December9Charlie Brown Christmas first broadcast
1966February17The Beach Boys start recording Good Vibrations
1966May16Start of the Cultural Revolution in China
1966June13The Miranda Warning - US Supreme Court rules suspects must be told their rights
1966October21144 people killed in the Aberfan disaster
1967January27The Outer Space Treaty that is the basis for all space laws opened for signatures
1967June1The Beatles release Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
1967June5Start of the Arab-Israeli Six Day War
1967September30BBC Radio 1 begins broadcasting
1967October9Ernesto 'Che' Guevara executed in Bolivia
1968January5Prague Spring begins in Czechoslovakia
1968February1Viet Cong Captain Bảy Lốp executed by General Loan
1968March16My Lai Massacre committed by US troops
1968April4Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
1968August20Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia to end the Prague Spring
1969February9First test flight of Boeing 747 'Jumbo Jet'
1969July20Apollo 11 lands on the moon
1969November10Sesame Street first broadcast
1969November20Native Americans begin their occupation of Alcatraz Island
1970April13Explosion on Apollo 13
1970May4Ohio National Guardsmen shoot Kent State students
1970July21Construction of Egypt's Aswan High Dam is completed
1970July31Black Tot Day ends the Royal Navy's daily rum ration
1970September19First Glastonbury Festival takes place
1971February15The UK and Ireland decimalise their currency
1971April10US table tennis team ushers in ping pong diplomacy
1971July9Henry Kissinger makes a secret diplomatic trip to China
1972May21Laszlo Toth attacks Michelangelo's Pieta with a hammer
1972June8Photo taken of a Vietnamese girl running from a napalm attack
1972September6Olympic athletes killed in the Munich massacre
1972December28Kim Il-sung becomes President of North Korea
1973March29Final US troops withdraw from Vietnam
1973December26The Exorcist released in cinemas
1974June26World's first barcode scanned on a pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit gum
1974August9Richard Nixon resigns as President of the USA
1974September23BBC launches the Ceefax teletext service
1975April29US evacuation of Saigon in Operation Frequent Wind
1975October11Saturday Night Live is broadcast for the first time
1975November6Sex Pistols play their first gig
1976July18Nadia Comăneci scores the first ever Olympic gymnastic 'perfect 10'
1976November26Sex Pistols release the punk single Anarchy in the UK
1977May25Star Wars is first released in cinemas
1978June19Garfield cartoon strip first published
1978September11Last ever death from smallpox in Birmingham, UK
1978September16Filming begins on Monty Python's Life of Brian
1978September17Egypt and Israel sign Camp David Accords
1979January7Cambodian leader Pol Pot overthrown
1979February11Iranian Revolution overthrows the Shah
1979November4The Iran hostage crisis begins
1980August14Lech Wałęsa leads Gdańsk shipyard workers on strike
1980September22Iraq-Iran war begins
1980December8John Lennon murdered by Mark David Chapman
1981January2Peter Sutcliffe, "The Yorkshire Ripper" arrested
1981January21First DeLorean sports car produced
1981May31Jaffna Public Library in Sri Lanka burnt down
1981October6Egyptian President Anwar Sadat assassinated
1982April2Falklands War begins with Argentine invasion
1982August17The first commercial CD is produced in Germany
1982November30Michael Jackson releases the album Thriller
1983January31It became compulsory for UK drivers to wear a seat belt
1983May6The Hitler Diaries proven to be forgeries
1985February19BBC broadcasts first episode of EastEnders
1985April23Introduction of 'New Coke' is a marketing disaster
1985July13Live Aid is watched by 1.9 billion people
1985September13Super Mario Bros. video game released
1986January28The Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
1987May28West German amateur pilot lands a private plane near Red Square in Moscow
1987June12Ronald Reagan calls on Mikhail Gorbachev to 'Tear down this wall!'
1987November18Kings Cross St Pancras fire on the London Underground
1988October27Ronald Reagan halts construction of the Moscow embassy
1989March24Start of the Exxon Valdez oil spill disaster in Alaska's Prince William Sound
1989April1596 Liverpool fans killed in the Hillsborough Disaster
1989June3Start of the Tiananmen Square massacre
1989September10Hungary allows East Germans into Austria
1989November9East Germany opens the Berlin Wall
1989December22Overthrow of Nicolae Ceaușescu in Romania
1990January31First McDonald's opens in the USSR
1990February14Voyager 1 creates the Pale Blue Dot photograph of Earth
1990October3East and West Germany reunited
1990November12World Wide Web first proposed
1990November14Margaret Thatcher faces leadership challenge
1990November16Milli Vanilli stripped of their Grammy Award for not singing on their album
1991January17Gulf War combat phase begins with Operation Desert Storm
1991August19Gorbachev placed under house arrest in the August Coup
1991December26The USSR formally dissolved
1992July22Pablo Escobar escapes from the luxury La Catedral prison
1993February28Beginning of the Waco siege of the Branch Davidian Church in Texas
1993December30Israel and the Vatican City begin diplomatic relations
1997May11Deep Blue chess computer beats Garry Kasparov
1998January26Bill Clinton denies 'sexual relations with that woman'
2000March10The NASDAQ index peaks at the height of the dot-com bubble
2008June29Apple release the iPhone
2015October21Marty McFly goes 'Back To The Future'

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