James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C.

The money allowed for the purchase of approximately 3,000 volumes from England that were housed in the north wing of the Capitol building.

The 555-foot tall Washington Monument was dedicated at a ceremony featuring President Chester Arthur alongside fellow politicians, engineers and freemasons.

Would-be assassin Richard Lawrence was found ‘not guilty by reason of insanity’ and was committed to an asylum.

Over 500,000 protesters marched on Washington D.C. as part of the national Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam.