The agreement marked the end of years of intermittent conflict between Britain and France and set the stage for the series of agreements known as the Triple Entente that bound Britain, France and Russia together at the start of the First World War.

At the time it was optimistically hoped that the signing of the Kellogg-Briand Pact would stop any future wars, but the impact of the Great Depression in the 1930s led nations such as Japan and Italy to launch invasions of Manchuria and Abyssinia respectively.