John Hancock, one of Boston’s wealthiest merchants and a leading figure in Boston politics, forcibly removed customs officials from his ship Lydia.

The Revenue Act of 1861 was signed into law by Abraham Lincoln, imposing U.S. federal income tax for the first time.

The British government had passed the Tea Act seven months earlier on 10 May, partly in an attempt to support the struggling East India Company.

On the 9th January 1799, modern income tax was introduced for the first time. William Pitt the Younger, the British Prime Minister, announced the tax the previous December as a way to pay for the wars against France.