Wernher von Braun initially developed rockets for the United States Army, but was later made director of the Marshall Space Flight Center where he oversaw the design of the Saturn V rocket that launched the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.
The flight lasted for 15 minutes and 22 seconds and reached a maximum altitude of 116 miles before returning to earth for splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean.
The crew of the Apollo 17 spacecraft took the iconic Blue Marble photograph of the earth.
The Prospero satellite was launched, making it the first and only British satellite to be launched using a British rocket.
Shortly after midnight in Moscow, the Soviets became the first to successfully send a human-made object to the Moon.
On the 20th July 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin successfully landed the Eagle, the Lunar Module of Apollo 11, on the surface of the moon.
The two rockets of the Apollo–Soyuz Test Project launched from the USA and the USSR in the first international collaborative space mission.