Wernher von Braun initially developed rockets for the United States Army, but was later made director of the Marshall Space Flight Center where he oversaw the design of the Saturn V rocket that launched the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.

The flight lasted for 15 minutes and 22 seconds and reached a maximum altitude of 116 miles before returning to earth for splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean.

The Prospero satellite was launched, making it the first and only British satellite to be launched using a British rocket.

Shortly after midnight in Moscow, the Soviets became the first to successfully send a human-made object to the Moon.