On the 13th May 1787, the eleven ships of the “First Fleet” set sail under Captain Arthur Phillip from Portsmouth, England, to establish a penal colony in Australia.
A referendum in South Africa resulted in white South Africans voting to end apartheid.
The Second Boer War saw the British Empire fight against the Afrikaans-speaking Dutch settlers of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.
South African surgeon Christiaan Barnard performed the world’s first human-to-human heart transplant.
The De Havilland DH 106 Comet operated by the British Overseas Airways Corporation reduced the overall journey time from London to Johannesburg by a third.
South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko died in Pretoria prison from injuries inflicted while in police custody.
On the 5th August 1962, Nelson Mandela was arrested near the South African town of Howick and imprisoned facing charges of inciting workers’ strikes and leaving the country without a passport.
On 2nd May 1952, the world’s first passenger jet aircraft took off to carry 36 passengers from London to Johannesburg.