While preparing for the decisive Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Constantine reportedly witnessed a Christian cross which may have been accompanied by a Latin inscription which roughly translates as ‘In this sign, you will conquer.’

While the republic’s first government was based on a self-governed assembly known as the Arengo, the current system in San Marino has been in place since the Statutes of 1600.

Galileo was sentenced to house arrest where he remained for the final nine years of his life.