The Northern Isles, which consist of the two island groups of Shetland and Orkney, have been inhabited since prehistoric times but were formally annexed by the Norwegian king Harald Hårfagre in around 875 after he subdued the Vikings who used the islands as a base from which to raid Norway and Scotland.
On the 14th October 1066, the Battle of Hastings was fought between Duke William II of Normandy and the Anglo-Saxon king Harold Godwinson.
On the 20th September 1066, Harald Hardrada – the Viking king – defeated his northern English enemies at the Battle of Fulford.
On the 14th December 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen led a team of four others to become the first to reach the South Pole.
On the 12th December 1935, the Lebensborn registered association was established in Nazi Germany by the SS.
On the 10th December 1901, the first Nobel Prizes were awarded in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.