German Nazi forces had invaded Poland two days earlier, claiming to be acting in self-defence following a ‘false flag’ operation.

Josef Jakobs was found guilty of espionage by General Court Martial and taken to the miniature firing range at the Tower of London where he was strapped to a wooden Windsor chair and killed by firing squad at 7:12am.

Over three volumes Anne Frank recorded the relationships between the Frank family, the Van Pels family, and her father’s friend Fritz Pfeffer with whom they shared a confined hiding place in the ‘Secret Annexe’ above her father’s warehouse building.