400,000 women saw their doctors to obtain Enovid contraceptive prescriptions in the first year.

Alexis St. Martin, who had been shot in the stomach, was first treated by US Army surgeon William Beaumont who became known as the ‘Father of Gastric Physiology’.

The report drew three main conclusions focused on the effect of smoking on the functioning of the respiratory system.

A potential diphtheria epidemic in Alaska was avoided after a dogsled relay transported vials of antitoxin 674 miles in five and a half days in “Great Race of Mercy”.