The Labour government of Clement Atlee won the first post-war election with a pledge to implement the recommendations of the 1942 Beveridge Report and improve the social welfare system in Britain.

400,000 women saw their doctors to obtain Enovid contraceptive prescriptions in the first year.

Alexis St. Martin, who had been shot in the stomach, was first treated by US Army surgeon William Beaumont who became known as the ‘Father of Gastric Physiology’.

The report drew three main conclusions focused on the effect of smoking on the functioning of the respiratory system.