Nicolas Jacques Pelletier, a French highwayman who was found guilty of killing a man during one of his robberies, was the first victim of the French decapitation machine.
The blade fell at 10.22am, after which it is reported that a number of members of the public rushed forward to dip their handkerchiefs in Louis’ blood.
The Reign of Terror began in France when Bertrand Barère, a member of the Committee of Public Safety, made a speech in favour of it that ended with the exclamation, “Let’s make terror the order of the day!”
On the 22nd February 1943, the first three members of the White Rose resistance group were put on trial and executed by guillotine in Germany.
At 12.15pm on the afternoon of the 16th October 1793, Marie Antoinette was executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris.
On the 21st January 1793, former French King Louis XVI was executed by guillotine at the Place de la Revolution in Paris.
On the 2nd November 1795, the Directory was established in France.
On the 13th July 1793, the radical French journalist Jean-Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday.