Nicolas Jacques Pelletier, a French highwayman who was found guilty of killing a man during one of his robberies, was the first victim of the French decapitation machine.
Napoleon’s coronation as Emperor of the French was a lavish affair that referenced various elements of Carolingian tradition, the ancien régime, and the French Revolution.
The National Constituent Assembly of France adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
The Louvre museum in Paris opened to the public in the former palace of the French royal family.
La Marseillaise was composed by a French army officer and was originally called the ‘War Song for the Army of the Rhine’ with the aim of rallying soldiers fighting in Strasbourg during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The morning of the 14th July 1789 saw the beginning of the French Revolution when Parisian revolutionaries stormed the Bastille, a large fortress, prison and ammunition store that symbolised everything that was wrong with the monarchy.
The Deputies of the French Third Estate swore not to separate until a written constitution had been established for the country.
Combined British and Prussian military forces defeated the French, but Wellington himself said that the battle was ‘the nearest-run thing you ever saw in your life’.
The Cult of the Supreme Being recognised that God had created the universe, but that He did not interfere or intervene in its operation. Therefore it taught that humans were responsible for their own actions and destinies.
The blade fell at 10.22am, after which it is reported that a number of members of the public rushed forward to dip their handkerchiefs in Louis’ blood.