On the 13th May 1787, the eleven ships of the “First Fleet” set sail under Captain Arthur Phillip from Portsmouth, England, to establish a penal colony in Australia.
Thomas Stevens departed San Francisco on a large-wheeled Ordinary, also known as a penny-farthing, to become the first person to cycle around the world.
The first sighting had been of Point Hicks, but it wasn’t until the ship had travelled some distance along the coast to what is now known as Botany Bay that Cook and his crew felt they had found a suitable mooring.
The Capitulations of Santa Fe granted a number of official titles to Columbus as well as ten per cent of any treasure he was able to secure on his voyage.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition began its journey home, having crossed the western United States.
Having secured permission from the Department of Antiquities of Egypt to open the sealed door, Carter came face-to-face with the enormous gilt shrine containing Tutankhamun himself.
With £200 in English gold and banknotes, and a single bag that was smaller than modern carry-on luggage, Bly departed from Hoboken Pier in New Jersey on board the Augusta Victoria steamship on 14 November 1889.
Amundsen’s team arrived five weeks ahead of British explorer Robert Falcon Scott’s Terra Nova Expedition.
Raleigh had been found guilty of treason for his involvement in the Main Plot that sought to depose Elizabeth’s successor James I and replace him with his cousin Arabella Stuart.
Balboa’s journey involved battling with native tribes and forging a way through thick jungle, before reaching the mountain range along the Chucunaque River from where he first saw the Pacific Ocean on the morning of 25 September.