The charges against Culpeper and Dereham were grave – accusations of treasonous affairs with the queen that threatened the very foundation of the Tudor monarchy. The evidence, combined with the political expediency of eliminating potential threats to the crown, led to their convictions for treason on 1 December.

The Australian outlaw Ned Kelly was arrested following a violent shoot-out with police at Glenrowan in Victoria.

Centred around Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie, the small group of university friends who formed the White Rose printed and distributed anti-Nazi leaflets but were spotted by university janitor and Nazi Party member Jakub Schmid who immediately called the Gestapo.