On the 11th October 1521, Pope Leo X granted the title “Defender of the Faith” to King Henry VIII of England.

On the 5th November 1605, the Gunpowder Plot was foiled when Guy or Guido Fawkes was discovered guarding 36 barrels of gunpowder that had been placed in an undercroft below the House of Lords in London.

The Parliament of England passed the First Act of Supremacy which made Henry VIII the head of the Church of England.