Charles was executed on 30 January, having requested to wear two shirts as protection from the cold so that the crowd wouldn’t think he was shaking from fear. Six days later, Parliament abolished the monarchy.
Charles I himself entered the House of Commons chamber – an act that was a huge violation of Parliamentary privilege – and sat in the Speaker’s chair to demand the Five Members be handed over to him.
The Petition of Right is a major British constitutional document that recognises four key principles of government: no taxation without the consent of Parliament, no imprisonment without cause, no quartering of soldiers on subjects, and no martial law in peacetime.
Colonel Thomas Blood attempted to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
On the 4th January 1642, Charles I attempted and failed to arrest the Five Members of Parliament, prompting the English Civil War and his own eventual execution for treason.
On the 30th January 1649 King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland was executed outside the Banqueting House in London.
On the 7th June 1628, the Petition of Right was approved by King Charles I.