The Edict of Worms condemned Luther’s writings as heretical and prohibited their publication, distribution, and possession within the Holy Roman Empire. The edict effectively excommunicated Luther from the Catholic Church and sought to suppress the spread of his ideas and influence.

The massacre at Vassy exacerbated religious tensions that had been simmering for years, serving as a rallying cry for both Catholics and Protestants, each side seeing the incident as justification for their cause. Within just a few weeks of the massacre, violence erupted across the country.

Galileo was sentenced to house arrest where he remained for the final nine years of his life.