The Second Boer War saw the British Empire fight against the Afrikaans-speaking Dutch settlers of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.

Kenya had been under British rule since the 19th Century, and since becoming a colony in 1920 African demands for a greater role in politics had grown.

British prisoners of war were imprisoned in the ‘Black Hole of Calcutta’ after the Bengali army captured Fort William from the East India Company.