Opening with the famous line ‘Four score and seven years ago,’ Lincoln made the 2-minute speech to an assembled crowd of approximately 15,000 people including six separate state governors.

Lee’s surrender to Grant encouraged other Confederate forces across the south to do the same and marked the beginning of the end of the American Civil War.

The Battle of Palmito Ranch ended in a Confederate victory. Union private John J. Williams died in the battle, likely making him the last battlefield fatality of the Civil War.