Lee’s surrender to Grant encouraged other Confederate forces across the south to do the same and marked the beginning of the end of the American Civil War.

The Battle of Palmito Ranch ended in a Confederate victory. Union private John J. Williams died in the battle, likely making him the last battlefield fatality of the Civil War.

With the cry of ‘bread or blood!’ the women marched to the city’s market district where they broke into government storehouses and nearby businesses.