The ship Victoria returned to Spain as the only survivor of Ferdinand Magellan’s fleet that circumnavigated the globe.
Octavian defeated the combined forces of Marc Anthony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium.
On the 1st September 1939, German forces invaded Poland in a move that was to trigger the Second World War.
On the 31st August 1888, Mary Ann Nichols – commonly known as Polly – became the first confirmed victim of Jack the Ripper in the Whitechapel area of London.
On the 29th August 1949, the Soviet Union successfully detonated its first nuclear weapon codenamed RDS-1 and nicknamed First Lightning.
On the 26th August 1346, one of the most decisive battles in the Hundred Years War was won by the army of the English king Edward III.
On the 25th August 1944, the Nazi German garrison in Paris surrendered the city to the Allies.
On 23rd August 1939, Vyacheslav Molotov and Joachim von Ribbentrop – the Soviet foreign minister and the German foreign minister – signed the Treaty of Non-aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,…
At around 11pm on the 20th August 1968, troops from the USSR, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary entered Czechoslovakia in an invasion that brought the Prague Spring to an end.
On the 19th August 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev, the President of the Soviet Union, was placed under house arrest in what is known as the August Coup.
On the 17th August 1982, the very first commercial compact disc was produced in the German town of Langenhagen.
Beginning at midnight on the 13th August 1961, East German police and army began to close the border with West Berlin.
On the 12th August 1865 Joseph Lister carried out the world’s first antiseptic surgery using the chemical phenol, otherwise known as carbolic acid.
The Weimar Republic was officially established on 11th August 1919, when Friedrich Ebert signed the new constitution into law.