The Lewis and Clark Expedition began its journey home, having crossed the western United States.
On the 22nd March 1621, Dutch legal scholar Hugo Grotius – also known as Hugo de Groot – escaped imprisonment in Loevestein Castle concealed inside a book chest.
Vladimir Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy at the 10th Communist Party Congress.
On the 20th March 1890, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany formally accepted Otto von Bismarck’s resignation.
The first stone of Barcelona’s iconic Sagrada Familia basilica was laid.
On the 18th March 1314 Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, was executed on the orders of King Philip IV.
A referendum in South Africa resulted in white South Africans voting to end apartheid.
On the 16th March 1968, US soldiers from Company C of the Americal Division’s 11th Infantry Brigade committed the My Lai Massacre.
Rolls-Royce Limited was established by Charles Rolls and Henry Royce.
On the 14th March 1950, the FBI launched its list of Ten Most Wanted Fugitives.
The right-wing Kapp Putsch attempted to overthrow the Weimar Republic.
On the 12th March 1930, Mohandas Gandhi began the Salt March – a 240 mile (390 km) journey to the coastal village of Dandi.
The Daily Courant, the first daily English-language newspaper, was published in London.
On the 10th March 1876, Scottish-born inventor Alexander Graham Bell made the first successful telephone call when he contacted his assistant, Thomas Watson.