Exactly one month after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
On the 27th July 1942, Allied forces in North Africa stopped the advancing Axis powers in the First Battle of El Alamein.
The first ever women’s cricket match was played on Gosden Common near Guildford in Surrey.
On the 25th July 1965, American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan performed at the Newport Folk Festival with an electric band.
Often referred to as the ‘lost city of the Incas’, Machu Picchu was constructed in the middle of the 15th century but was abandoned barely a century later in 1572.
On the 23rd July 1914, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia specifically designed to be rejected and lead to war between the two countries.
Referred to mockingly as ‘Hotel Escobar’, the prison was staffed by guards chosen by the drugs lord himself.
On the 21st July 1970, construction was completed on the Aswan High Dam in Egypt.
Napoleon granted a patent for the Pyréolophore to Nicéphore Niépce and his brother Claude.
On the 19th July 1799, an announcement was made of the discovery of a slab of rock covered in carvings by French Lieutenant Pierre-François Bouchard in the area around Fort Julien near the Egyptian town…
Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci scored the first ever perfect 10 in Olympic history on the uneven bars at the Summer Games in Montreal.
In the early hours of the 17th July 1918 the Russian Imperial Romanov family were shot dead in the basement of the Ipatiev House in the Russian city of Ekaterinburg.
The Islamic calendar was dated to start with the first new moon after the Prophet Muhammad and his followers migrated to Medina.ituals.
On the 15th July 1834 the Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition, otherwise known as the Spanish Inquisition, was disbanded.