On the 7th April 1498, a group of Franciscan monks met their Dominican rivals in the Piazza della Signoria in Florence to take part in the first trial by fire in 400 years.
On the 6th April 1896, the first modern Olympic Games opened in Athens.
On the 5th April 1621, the Mayflower – the boat that carried the Pilgrim fathers to America – returned to England from the settlement at Plymouth.
On the 4th April 1968, Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee at the age of 39.
On the 3rd April 1882, the American outlaw Jesse James was shot dead by fellow gang-member Robert Ford.
On the 2nd April 1982, the Falklands War began when Argentina launched an amphibious invasion of the Falkland Islands.
The Spanish Civil War began in July 1936 after a military coup by Spanish forces in North Africa failed to secure complete control over the country.
On the 31st March 1905, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany landed in the Moroccan city of Tangier and expressed his support for the Sultan’s independence from foreign powers.
The Crimean War began in October 1853, having been triggered by disagreements between Russia and the Ottoman Empire regarding Russia’s right to protect the Orthodox Christian minority in the Ottoman-controlled Holy Land.
On the 29th March 1973, the last American troops withdrew from South Vietnam.
The raid by the Royal Navy and British Commandos was overseen by Combined Operations Headquarters.
On the 27th March 1963, Chairman of the British Transport Commission Dr Richard Beeching published his report entitled The Reshaping of British Railways.
The Book of Mormon is a key sacred text of the Latter Day Saint movement that was published by Joseph Smith, the founder of the movement, when he was twenty-four years old.
On the 25th March 1957 the Treaty of Rome, which laid the foundations for the European Economic Community, was signed by Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany.