On the 27th July 1942, Allied forces in North Africa stopped the advancing Axis powers in the First Battle of El Alamein.
On the 26th July 1936, Adolf Hitler informed General Francisco Franco that Germany would support his Nationalist rebellion in Spain.
On the 25th July 1965, American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan performed at the Newport Folk Festival with an electric band.
Often referred to as the ‘lost city of the Incas’, Machu Picchu was constructed in the middle of the 15th century but was abandoned barely a century later in 1572.
On the 23rd July 1914, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia specifically designed to be rejected and lead to war between the two countries.
On the 22nd July 1706, the foundation for the establishment of the Kingdom of Great Britain was laid when commissioners from England and Scotland agreed the Acts of Union.
On the 21st July 1970, construction was completed on the Aswan High Dam in Egypt.
Napoleon granted a patent for the Pyréolophore to Nicéphore Niépce and his brother Claude.
The Franco-Prussian War began with a declaration of war by the French emperor, Napoleon III.
On the 18th July 1925, the first volume of Adolf Hitler’s rambling racist manifesto Mein Kampf – which translates as My Struggle or My Battle – was first published.
In the early hours of the 17th July 1918 the Russian Imperial Romanov family were shot dead in the basement of the Ipatiev House in the Russian city of Ekaterinburg.
The Islamic calendar was dated to start with the first new moon after the Prophet Muhammad and his followers migrated to Medina.
Napoleon Bonaparte voluntarily surrendered to British Captain Maitland on board the Royal Navy ship HMS Bellerophon.
American outlaw Billy the Kid was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, New Mexico.