On the 20th January 1942, a number of senior Nazis met at the Wannsee Conference where they discussed what was referred to as the Final Solution to the Jewish Question.
The Brunner Mond chemical factory had been built in 1893 to manufacture caustic soda and soda crystals.
On the 18th January 1871, Wilhelm I of Prussia was proclaimed the first German Emperor.
The Battle of Monte Cassino began when Allied forces launched the first of four attacks against the Gustav Line in Italy.
On the 16th January 27 BCE, the Roman Senate granted Octavian the titles Augustus and Princeps.
21 people were killed and a further 150 were injured after 2.3 million gallons of molasses swept through North End in Boston, Massachusetts after a storage tank collapsed.
On the 14th January 1943, the Casablanca Conference began in Morocco.
Dr William Brydon of the British East India Company Army was the only survivor of an army of 4,500 men and 12,000 camp followers to reach safety at Jalalabad in Afghanistan.
On the 12th January 1895, the National Trust was founded by Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Hardwicke Rawnsley.
The concept of a lottery, in which lots were drawn to determine a winner, had been around for centuries before Queen Elizabeth I chartered a prize draw to raise money for the “reparation of the…
On the 10th January 1920, the Treaty of Versailles came into effect.
The Jewish population of Basel were massacred amidst accusations that they were responsible for causing the Black Death.
On the 8th January 1918, United States President Woodrow Wilson made a speech to Congress in which he outlined his principles for world peace, known as the Fourteen Points.
The first aerial crossing of the English Channel was conducted by Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries in a gas-filled balloon.