The first well-publicised public demonstration of inhaled ether anaesthesia was given at the Massachusetts General Hospital.
On the 15th October 1923, the Rentenmark was introduced in Weimar Germany in an attempt to stop the hyperinflation crisis that had crippled the economy.
A U-2 spy plane captured images of the construction of a missile site on Cuba, triggering the Cuban Missile Crisis.
On the 13th October AD 54, the Roman Emperor Claudius died, supposedly after being poisoned.
British nurse Edith Cavell was executed by a German firing squad during the First World War.
On the 11th October 1521, Pope Leo X granted the title “Defender of the Faith” to King Henry VIII of England.
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologised to Ghanaian finance minister Komla Agbeli Gbedemah after he was refused service in a Delaware restaurant.
On the 9th October 1967 the Marxist revolutionary icon, Ernesto “Che” Guevara was executed in Bolivia after being caught by CIA-assisted forces during his attempt to provoke a revolution.
The Great Stand on the Ugra River marked the start of the decline of the Great Horde.
On the 7th October 1949 the German Democratic Republic, otherwise known as East Germany, was founded in the Soviet occupied zone of Germany.
Germantown was founded in the Pennsylvania Colony by immigrant Quaker and Mennonite families.
On the 5th October 1962, two cultural icons made their first appearance when Dr No – the first of the James Bond series of films – hit cinema screens on the same day as the Beatles…
The Battle of Cable Street saw demonstrators block a march by Oswald Mosley’s British Union of Fascists.
On the 3rd October 1990, Germany was reunified when the territory of the communist German Democratic Republic joined with the Federal Republic of Germany to create a single, united Germany.